Farhanes is located just 27 kilometers outside of Guatemala City, the most accessible of all Guatemalan coffee-producing regions. The appellation sits on a very unique plateau, part of the Guatemala chain of volcanoes that stretches from Mexico to El Salvador. There is a Pacaya volcano, the most active of Guatemala's three active volcanoes, which often adds rich volcanic ash to cover coffee-growing areas and increase the important mineral content of the soil. Also because of the volcano, Amatitlan Lake was formed, the third largest lake in Guatemala. In the high-altitude natural wilderness, Fahannes is also affected by active volcanic activity and the climate of the Pacific coast. The weather is completely different in the morning, noon and evening. Compared with other high-altitude coffee-producing regions, the plateau terrain of this region allows coffee to be grown on more than 50% of its land. Such good land conditions are probably why this place was chosen long ago by the Cakchiqueles as their agricultural center and later claimed as the territory of the Kingdom of Spain during the Spanish colonial period. Volcanic pumice soil, high altitude, abundant sunshine and fertile soil, abundant rainfall, variable humidity, and an active volcano have shaped the coffee in this production area to be extremely sweet, with stone fruit aroma and mellow body.
The dry season has strong sunshine. Although there are often clouds, fog and dew in the morning, the water vapor evaporates quickly, making the entire Fahannes Plateau almost dry by the sun. Havana Manor, located in the Fahannes production area, was founded by Don Gregorio Zamora in 1894. The Zamora family is committed to producing the highest quality coffee. After five generations of efforts by the manor family, Havana Manor is now cultivating new There are excellent experience and wisdom in variety technology, planting, harvesting, and micro-batch processing. At the same time, we also do our best to protect the environment, not only preserving the surrounding natural landscape and plants, but also setting up water-saving equipment and subsequent recycling of water for coffee processing.
Havana Estate is currently managed by the fifth generation of the estate family, actively bringing the positive influence of rich agricultural practices.
Havana Estate has won 19th, 9th and 11th place in the 2011 and 2016 Guatemala Cup of Excellence (COE) competitions (participating under the name of Santa Bárbara farm).
The estate not only has a large number of coffee trees, but also a washing plant that provides mature fruit for subsequent processing, and a bean roasting factory. In addition to processing the coffee beans of its own farm, it also assists other farms in providing follow-up processing services.
The main house in the manor is still quite well maintained, coupled with the uniqueness of its buildings and beautiful gardens, it is often rented as a venue for weddings and event gatherings.
In recent years, the production area of the manor has been almost completely renovated. At this stage, the manor is composed of various single-variety areas, with young but very strong coffee trees, all carefully selected through production volume and flavor in the cup out varieties.
A lot of money has also been invested in the irrigation system in the manor, so that the system can greatly improve the quality control of the manor. First, chemical fertilizers are applied to coffee trees in a more efficient manner to provide higher value nutrients, and irrigation frequency is controlled to reduce stress on plants and more importantly to provide needed moisture during periods of low rainfall .
In addition, their washing processing plant has been renovated several times and now uses a new generation of coffee processing equipment, all machines are directly imported from Pinhalense in Brazil, including coffee cherry sorting machines, peeling machines, pectin mucous film removal machines and high-speed drying machines. These new machines Havana estates produce more consistent and stable quality, and raise the standard of single-variety coffee beans.
Women in the Coffee Industry
Many family members are involved in the day-to-day collaboration of the estate, whether in the wash or solar treatment plant, cupping or baking. As a woman in a family business, she has a very important position and influence in the manor. Maria Elena is a key member of the International Women's Coffee Association (IWCA), who work to promote a gender-friendly working environment on the estate.
Kindercoffee's project focuses on the family and children going to the manor together. The mother picks and works in the manor, and their children can participate in the tutorial activities prepared for them in the manor. KinderCoffee is an innovative project developed in cooperation with Anacafe, and after the successful implementation of Rabanales, it has been introduced to other Guatemalan estates.
There is no shortage of Havana estates that provide equal job opportunities for women. They believe that these women can have a better standard of living after they have financially independent working conditions.
- Name: Havana Manor Rabanales Farms
-Production area: Fraijanes
- Planting altitude: 1250-1700m
- Treatment method: washing treatment method
－Production Season: 2021-22 Crop
- Variety: Bourbon
- Annual rainfall: 2200mm
- Average temperature: 12-16 degrees Celsius
- Humidity: 70-90%
- Soil: Volcanic pumice
- Shade trees: Inga, Grevilea and native trees
- Moisture content: 10.8%
- Density: 814 g/L
- Flavor: almond, nut, chocolate, a little floral, pickled black pear, walnut, mild acidity